I love large, open spaces, but I, too, hate open floor plans and kitchen islands.

A brief history of behavioural economics by Richard Thaler.

The long-awaited data release from the Gaia space observatory has spurred a torrent of discoveries about the history and nature of our galaxy.

Some machine learning algorithms turn out to be surprisingly good at predicting chaotic dynamic systems.

Neural networks, faced with a navigation challenge, spontaneously evolved “grid cells” resembling those that help living animals find their way.

Real-time pose estimation! In the browser! Read the article.

What makes a tree a tree? A simple question to which there is no definitive answer.

The disappearing jobs of yesterday. From street clerks to water vendors.

Judge the value of what you have by what you had to give up to get it.

More photos from NASA's IceBridge expedition to the Antarctic.

A new technique can map brains quickly and with incredible detail: It traced the connections of 50,000 neurons in just two weeks.

Recent fossil discoveries challenge ideas about Earth's start.

Freeman Dyson reviews Scale: The Universal Laws of Growth, Innovation, Sustainability, and the Pace of Life in Organisms, Cities, Economies, and Companies by  Geoffrey West. I'm sceptical about the application of the central idea to the growth of cities and companies: it misses too many other relevant variables and doesn't fit the data.

Everything is a machine. One of the world's most successful hedge fund managers, Ray Dalio, is the best student Deleuze never had.

Ian Buruma reviews a new Daido Moriyama retrospective.

Lisa Randall answers the question: What is dark matter?

The Triumph of Philanthropy. A new guide to a $700 billion industry. I believe that collective issues are best addressed through taxation and with democratic accountability.

Photographer Naoya Hatakeyama, best known for his photos of cities and the built environment, discusses his work.